Tree Services Including Planting, Fertilizing, Watering, Mulching, and Arboriculture
Specialized tree care by certified arborists.
Trees are the most majestic part of any landscape. Keeping them healthy and picturesque requires specialized care and attention. Adrian Landscape’s certified arborists provide expert consultations, installation, pruning, maintenance, and removal to ensure your trees remain healthy and beautiful all year round.
- Tree Pruning
- Tree Installation
- Tree Replacement
- Tree Preservation
- Tree and Stump Removal
- Tree Lightning Protection
Fall and winter are the best time to plant trees, since they don’t suffer from transplant shock as much as summer planted trees. Trees need the opportunity to grow roots before being subjected to summer heat and dryness. In this section we will attempt to outline the primary maintenance considerations for planting and growing trees.
Planting and Location
Plant a tree half its potential spread away from any structure. Do not plant over underground utilities. Dig the bottom of the hole a few inches in diameter larger than the root ball. Dig the depth of the hole the same as the depth of the root ball. Place the tree in the hole so the top of the soil root ball is at least at the soil line or slightly higher. Trees settle after being watered.
Do not allow the tree to settle lower than the original soil line. Fill the hole with the same soil removed from the hole. If you fill the hole with amended soil, the roots will not want to leave the hole.
During the first growing season, don’t fertilize with high nitrogen fertilizer. Use root simulators (monthly during growing season) or slow release organic fertilizer at half the recommended rate. During the second growing season, fertilize 3-4 times a year using a slow release fertilizer.
Watering and Mulching
Water the newly planted tree until the hole is soaked. This will saturate the roots. Water, as needed, for at least 18 months by placing a soaker hose around the base of the tree and slowly (several hours) saturate the area. Do not depend on a sprinkler system to do the job. Usually you need to water when the soil has dried to a depth of 4-6 inches. An easy way to test soil wetness is by probing with an 18-inch piece of iron rebar. If the rebar is wet or muddy, do not water. If the probe comes out dry or damp on the end, its time to water. During a hot, dry summer, check the soil every 4-5 days. It is equally important that you do not over-water a native or adapted tree.
Place mulch over the area of disturbed earth, leaving a few bare inches around the trunk. Mulch will help soil retain moisture while also preventing soil compacting by keeping lawnmowers, etc. away from the root area. During the first year, add mulch 3-4 times.
Be careful about damaging the bark while moving the tree. The vascular system (similar to our own veins and arteries) of a tree is directly under the bark. Since a young tree has thin bark, it is very easily damaged. If the damage is severe the tree will die because it lost its ability to transport water/nutrients from the roots to the stems and leaves.Avoid damage by transporting it in a manner that keeps the trunk bark from rubbing or hitting any surfaces in the vehicle and by carrying the tree by the container, not the trunk.
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